References to relevant EU and international legislation and internet links

There are numerous legal requirements on health, safety, environment and security having an impact on product stewardship. The list below covers some regulations at UN and EU level. The list is not a complete list of all regulations, and later revisions and amendments may have been issued. Electronic versions of EU legislation can be downloaded from EURLEX.

UN Recommendations

UN Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS), Fifth Revised Edition 2009, ISBN 978-92-1-117067-2 (includes harmonized criteria for classifying substances and mixtures according to their health, environmental and physical hazards and harmonized hazard communication elements, including requirements for labelling and safety data sheets)

Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods: Manual of Tests and Criteria, Amendment 2 ISBN 978-92-1-139148-0 (English version)

International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG) 2008 Edition, IMO Publications IMO 200E, ISBN 9789280115611

International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMBSC) Code and Supplement, 2013 Edition ISBN 978-92-801-1587-1

Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods - Model Regulations, Rev. 18, ISBN 978-92-1-139146-6

ADR 2013 European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road, ISBN 978-92-1-139143-5 (English)

Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail (COTIF). Appendix B. Uniform Rules concerning the Contract for International Carriage of Goods by Rail (CIM). Annex I Regulations concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail (RID), 2013 edition

European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland Waterways (ADN) 2013 edition; ISBN 978-92-1-139146-9 (English) ECE/TRANS/231.

Fertilizers Europe Publications

EU Legislation

Fertilizer Directive

EU Fertilizer Directive 2003/2003/EC is currently (per 2014) under revision.

For fertilizers designated as EC Fertilizers, meaning those listed in Annex 1 of Regulation 2003/2003/EC and complying with the conditions laid down by that Directive and Annexes I to III, the labelling and packaging requirements are given in the articles 7,9,10 and 12. 

In order to have a new fertilizer permitted to be designated EC Fertilizer according to Directive 2003/2003/EC, registration of the product should be proposed to the EU Commission. A technical file according to the guidance given in Guide to the compilation of a technical file on applications to designate fertilizers EEC fertilizers pursuant to Directive 76/116/EEC, 94/C 138/04 of 20-05-1994, should be submitted. See also REACH.

Batch traceability: The Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council relating to fertilizers mentions in Article 8 Traceability: "Without prejudice to Article 26 (3), the manufacturer shall, to ensure traceability of EC fertilizers, maintain records of the origin of the fertilizers. These records shall be available for inspection by Member States for as long as the fertilizer is being supplied to the market and for a further period of 2 years after the manufacturer stopped supplying it".

REACH and Safety Data Sheets:

Regulation EC 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) is a very far reaching legislation which has put in place several requirements on those who deal in chemicals. It has amended requirements for the provision of safety data Sheets. Guidance on the compilation of safety data sheets was published by the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) in December 2011. It seeks to cover most of the requirements of sections 1 to 16 as defined in Annex II of EC 1907/2006 and as amended by Regulation (EU) No 453/2010.


Seveso Directive
The Seveso Directive (Council Directive 96/82/EC) came into force in 1996 to prevent major accidents involving dangerous substances and limit the consequence to people and the environment of any which do occur. The Directive has been amended by Directive 2003/105/EC relating to the entries for ammonium nitrate and potassium nitrate and recently by Directive 2012/18/EU of 4 July 2012.

Industrial Emissions Directive (IED)
The EU has a set of common rules on permitting for industrial installations. The rules are set out in the Directive 2010/75/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on industrial emissions of 24 November 2010 which replaces the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Council Directive 96/61/EC. In essence, the Directive is about minimizing pollution from various point sources throughout the European Union. All installations covered by Annex I of the Directive are required to obtain an authorization (permit) from the authorities in the EU countries. Unless they have a permit, they are not allowed to operate. The permits must be based on the concept of Best Available Techniques (or BAT).

EU Best Available Technique Reference Document Ammonia, Acids and Fertilizers, August 2007


GHG Emission and Emission Trading
Directive 2003/87/EC: Establishing a scheme for Greenhouse Gas allowance trading within the Community and amending Council Directive 96/61/EC

Air Pollution
Several EU regulations has been established for the prevention of air pollution
Workplace Safety (Occupational Exposure Limits Levels) and Personal Protective Equipment
Several EU regulations has been established for the protection of workers

Machinery Protection
The Machinery Directive 98/37/EC provides the regulatory basis for the harmonisation of the essential health and safety requirements for machinery at European Union level.
Transport Safety Adviser and Security Issues
Council Directive 96/35EC on the appointment a vocational qualification of safety advisers for the transport of dangerous goods by road, rail and inland waterway

Regulation EC 725/2004 on enhancing ship and port facility security

Directive 2005/65/EC on enhancing port security

Decision No 1348/2008/EC amending Council Directive 76/769/EEC as regards restrictions on the marketing and use of 2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethanol, 2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethanol, methylenediphenyl diisocyanate, cyclohexane and ammonium nitrate

ETS Directives

Explosive Precursors Directives